Log Slog!

When I last looked at the subject of firewood I said that one of the next things to do was look at the fireplaces around the Palace and see how big they were….well I had some time this past week to do that as well as some other log related work.

First on the agenda was simulated logs! I wanted some life sized stand ins for no.1 size talshides (based on the details in the Arnolds Chronicle descriptions, so 4ft long and 20 inches in circumference).  Why simulated logs rather than just getting some real logs you may ask…and you wouldn’t be alone in asking. Well there are a number of reasons why…ease of availability, weight, cost and not running the risk of introducing pests such as woodworm or other insect life into the Palace; but I must say that the weight was the principle reason. The simulated logs are intended to enable discussions regarding the size and transportation of the logs within the building, not their weight, and having lightweight simulations will allow children to safely handle them, something that would be much less the case if they were actual four foot long billets of timber!
So how did I make them? Simple…we had a very large roll of large cell bubble packing material (Fun* fact…BubbleWrap, as we ALL call this

2" parcel tape
2″ parcel tape
Large cell bubble packing
Large cell bubble packing

stuff is actually a trademarked brand…and most of the wrap we all use isn’t actually BubbleWrap at all, it’s another plastic cell wrapping material that isn’t allowed to be called BubbleWrap…yet we still do!     *not really fun, but hey, I used to work for a packging company, got to use that experience now and again 😉  ) and a roll of 2″ brown parcel tape.  Roll the wrap into a cylinder that was 20 inches in circumference, then cut to 4 foot long and wrap with tape…lots of tape, the result…

Two no.1 talshide simulators
Two no.1 talshide simulators

Eventually I think I’d like to make a few more so that there are enough to

For some contextual scale, the no.1 talshides against an "average" Barry.
For some contextual scale, the no.1 talshides against an “average” Barry.

allow the laying of a “fire” so that people can get a better idea of the size it seems likely that the fires would have been, but for now two will suffice. I’m not sure what it is, but when you talk to people about talshides being four foot long, they nod sagely with that look of acknowledgement that says “I hear what you’re saying but that size really doesn’t mean much to me in this abstract form”…hand them a four foot roll and say, that’s how big we’re talking about and things take on quite a dramatic change and the response changes to “wow! That big?!?”; so for now, they’re proving very useful.

Mock logs aside, I’ve spent a fair time looking through the architectural plans and the brick typology of the building to pinpoint any and all of the surviving Tudor fireplaces dotted around the Palace (not including the roasting fireplaces in the Kitchen). Currently I’ve looked at  all (I think) of those in areas that are easily accessible which leaves around 6 or 7 to find in various offices and stores at some time in the future. I’m interested to see if they would have been able to accommodate a standard length talshide (4 foot) or not…if so, then the firewood listed under Bouche of Court in the ordinances could have been standard, assize sized logs.

Bouche for Officers of the household, again with firewood included although in smaller quantities
Bouche for Officers of the household, again with firewood included although in smaller quantities
Bouche of Court for a Duke or Duchess, including talshides of firewood
Bouche of Court for a Duke or Duchess, including talshides of firewood

If not, then like the Northumberland household account I mentioned in the previous post on the subject, firewood of a differing size would have been required.

Fireplace Location Date Width (in inches)
Gt Kitchen office 1514-29 60
Buttery/AV room 1529-47 51
Pages Chamber 1529-47 60
Wolsey Closet 1514-29 54
Baroque Story display off clock court 1514-29 59
Young Henry exhibition (Wolsey rooms)1 1514-29 84
ditto 2 1514-29 71
ditto 3 1514-29 60
ditto 4 1514-29 60
Base Court school lunch room no.1 1529-47 60
Kitchen Shop (Wine Cellar) 1514-29 60

So it looks like 60 inches, or very close to it, is the commonest size for the domestic fireplaces used to heat rooms within the Palace (and over half of the ones I’ve yet to see in the flesh are around that size too according to the architectural plans), meaning they could all utilise an assize length talshide with inches (or feet in some cases) to spare…the first image of the fireplace within the Kitchen Office includes one of the aforementioned talshide simulators (and before you ask, no I did not carry them through the Palace to test fit them in all the fireplaces, I used a tape measure) to give you an idea of the scale and to show how easily they would fit.

Did they use the standard assize length for firewood is the next question to try to find an answer for. Why might they not use the standard assize length talshides? Well it’s possible that the 3 foot talshides the Northumberland Household used were related to the available timber, that dividing the trees into 3 foot not 4 foot lengths was more efficient for the trees at hand and the same might have been true for the Court. Likewise it could be a cost related reason, that shorter lengths cost less because they could get more from any given tree, or it could be a rudimentary anti-theft mechanism; with pilfered logs being unable to be sold on the open market as they would clearly be too short to be legal under the general assize and would stand out like the proverbial sore thumb. For now all I can say is that the officers of the Woodland were expected to see “the full measures of Coales and the Assize of Wood”

woodyard addendawhether or not that was the national assize or a specific Court one will have to form the next steps in this investigation.